[Awk - tow - ber - fest]
A traditional festival in Munich, Germany which originally celebrated the marriage of Prince Ludwig and Princess Therese in 1810.
Spaten Oktoberfest Marzen was first served at the 1872 Oktoberfest and is used for the ceremonial keg tapping by the Mayor of Munich to kick off the celebration.
In October of 1810, Crown Prince Ludwig, later to become King Ludwig I, was married to Princess Therese of Saxony-Hildburghausen. The citizens of Munich were invited to attend the festivities on the fields named Theresienwiese (Theresa’s Meadow) in front of the city gates to celebrate the royal event.
Horse races in the presence of the Royal Family marked the close of the event that was celebrated as a festival for the whole of Bavaria. The decision to repeat the horse races in the subsequent year gave rise to the tradition of the Oktoberfest. The festival was eventually prolonged and moved ahead to September to allow for better weather conditions. Today, the last day of the festival is the first Sunday in October. Since 1950, a twelve gun salute and the tapping of the first keg of Oktoberfest beer at 12:00pm by the incumbent Mayor of Munich opens the Oktoberfest.
Only beer which is brewed within the city limits of Munich is allowed to be served in this festival. Upon passing this criterion, a beer is designated Oktoberfest Beer. Oktoberfest Beer is a registered Trademark by the Club of Munich Brewers. In 2011, 7.5 million liters of beer were consumed by the 6.9 million visitors, setting a new record for the festival.
Visitors may also enjoy a wide variety of traditional food such as Hendl (chicken), Schweinebraten (roast pork), Schweinshaxe (grilled ham hock), Steckerlfisch (grilled fish on a stick), Würstl (sausages) along with Brezn (Pretzel), Knödel (potato or bread dumplings), Kasspatzn (cheese noodles), Reiberdatschi (potato pancakes), Sauerkraut or Rotekraut (red cabbage) along with such Bavarian delicacies as Obatzda (a spiced cheese-butter spread) and Weisswurst (a white sausage).
[Myew - nik]
Located in Southern Germany with a population of 1.35 million, Munich, the capital city of Bavaria, was founded in 1158.